Adoption is a complex process and requires extensive research. One mistake could cause unanticipated losses in money, time and energy. This is why it is important to familiarize oneself with how adoption works in their state to ensure a smooth process. Part of one’s research should include the basic requirements of adoption.
Who can adopt?
Alaska allows anyone of legal age, regardless of marital status, to adopt. Specifically, the following can file a petition to adopt:
- An unmarried adult
- A married individual if their spouse is the adoptee’s parent (stepparent)
- A married individual if their spouse is absent, suffers incapacity or otherwise unreasonably withholds consent
Furthermore, the petitioner should pass the criminal background check. These are merely the initial legal requirements for adoption in Alaska. Meeting these criteria does not necessarily assure the finalization of the adoption. More standards will apply in the latter part of the process, such as a home study.
Adoptee consenting to the adoption
In Alaska, any person, whether a minor or an adult, can be adopted. Those ten years old and above must consent to the adoption. However, this rule is not absolute and the court can waive the consent requirement if it is in the child’s best interests.
Costs to prepare for
Depending on how the adopting person pursues the adoption, they may have expenses to cover. Some costs one has to cover are the birthing mother’s medical bills, rent and sustenance for a certain period, and counsel services. Naturally, going through a private agency can cost more in fees.
The adoption process can be lengthy, but this does not discourage individuals who wish to adopt. Understanding the process and requirements is the first step to adoption and can help adopting individuals go through the process smoothly.